Today, Wild Science is celebrating World Lizard Day. From the largest to the smallest we love them all.
The largest lizard in the world weighs around 300 pounds and will reach a size of 10 feet in length is the Komodo Dragon. They are efficient hunters. They have great eye sight and can run at roughly 12mph but they mainly rely on stealth and strength to catch their prey. They can stay in one spot for hours undetected and are strong enough to take down deer and other large animals. Once bitten by one of these guys you’re in trouble as the wound will certainly get infected as their saliva is rife with harmful bacteria.
The smallest lizard measures an astounding 29mm is the Brookesia Micra and is a type of Chameleon discovered only 4 years ago in Madagascar. How adorable is that?! They are diurnal so they are most active during the day and will nest in branches at night. Deforestation is a problem in Madagascar so the habitat for these little guys is under threat. Although this particular species was only recently discovered, experts believe they could represent the smallest possible size for any vertebrate with a complex set of eyes.
There are around 6000 known lizard species in the world and only two of them are known to be venomous. These are the Gila Monster (below left) and the Beaded Lizard (below right) both found north-western Mexico.
Today, hundreds of different species are kept as pets all over the world and I have to say I’m one of them. They make the most fascinating pets and their intelligence continues to astound me. If you are thinking of acquiring one as a pet please PLEASE do your research first. Some are very easy to care for however, they do require a particular type of care as they are cold-blooded (cannot regulate their body temperature internally) and their habitat must be taken into consideration as they are found in continents all over the world (excluding Antarctica).
Some of the questions you need to ask yourself are;
- Do they need dry heat?
- Do they need humidity?
- What temperature do they need?
- What substrate would the naturally live on?
- What kind of diet do they have?
- Are they arboreal or terrestrial?
- How often do they eat?
- How big of an enclosure do they need?
The list will go on and on. Do your research make sure that this is the pet for you. If you would like to start off looking after these amazing reptiles, then I recommend the Leopard Gecko to start (featured picture above). They are beautiful looking reptiles with the most vibrant colours, and relatively easy to look after as long as you do your research, to download our Leopard Gecko Care Sheet click here.
Thank you for reading and once again a huge shout out for World Lizard Day!